What is an E-Bike - thebicyclegeek

Modern technology has made incredible strides in transportation by providing new and efficient ways to get around towns and cities.

One of these innovations is the e-bike, which has become a growing trend with cyclists of all ages.

This article will give you a rundown of all the basics about e-bikes and why they are the economical choice of the decade, but will dive into some of the pros and cons as well.

What Are Electric Bikes?

An electric bike, or e-bike, is a motorized bicycle that runs on battery power and contains features that help the cyclist with his pedaling.

When people hear the term ‘e-bike,’ most assume it’s an electric scooter or motorcycle, but an e-bike is still a standard bicycle because some pedaling needs to propel the machine forward.

An electric bike has three main components: the motor, battery, and controller.

The motor is the powerhouse for the electric bike. It comes in a variety of power ratings necessary to push your bike forward, and it all depends on your preferred speed.

The battery gives power to the motor and keeps the whole bike from turning off. Modern e-bikes are switching out acid batteries for lithium because they are more lightweight and can keep the bikes powered for hours.

The controller allows the cyclist to ride the bike in their preferred style. The pedal-activated system gives pedal assistance as you ride the bike, while the throttle system installs the mechanism with a twist grip on the handlebars.

Types of Electric Bikes

Because of the rising popularity of these e-bikes, businesses put them in a dividing class system. This classification determines the type of e-bikes allowed to ride on certain roads and terrain by the law.

There are three types of e-bikes classified by speed and functionality.

The first type is known as Class 1 E-Bikes. These bikes can only go up to 20 miles an hour and use the pedal assist function. Cyclists use these bikes for recreational use through the park and for daily activities.

Class 2 E-bikes can also go 20 miles an hour, but replace the pedal-assist feature with a throttle. No pedaling is necessary as the throttle carries the cyclist forward.

Class 3 E-bikes have both the throttle and pedal-assist functions. Unlike the first two classes, these electric bikes can ride up to 28 miles an hour.

Learn more about: E-Bike Classes 1, 2, 3

History of the Electric Bicycle

Most people would believe that the e-bike is a modern invention, but the first electric bikes were documented around the 1800s by both France and the United States.

Ogden Bolton Jr. was the first man to create the electric bike in 1895, and since then, several other innovators and companies have worked on their designs. This spur of ideas expanded to create motors and batteries used in today’s bikes.

Many of these designs of blueprints never left the office once the invention of automobiles and combustion engines became popular. For the longest time, e-bikes remained sketches on the drawing board.

The hype around e-bikes increased again in 1989 with the creation of the first e-bike with pedal assistance, becoming a modern staple for electric bikes everywhere.

Future tech revolving around the speed, style, and motor power of an electric bicycle made up the 90s, and by 2001, the term ‘e-bike’ was born.

What is an E-Bike Mountain Bike?

electric mountain bike - thebicyclegeek

Electric-assist mountain bikes, or e-MTBs, are upgraded mountain bikes that amplify your pedal power with a charged motor.

The control for these e-MTBs works for any mountain trial and has three different settings depending on the path’s difficulty. Some traditional mountain trails are against e-bikes, so check the rules beforehand.

People who enjoy exploring nature but get tired easily will enjoy the convenience of these motorized mountain bikes.

What is the Difference Between a Bike and an Electric Bike?

There are a few differences that separate an e-bike from a standard bicycle.

An e-bike has more electrical components installed into the base model. The motor, battery, throttle, and controller provide assistance to the cyclist, while a bike has no extra features and depends solely on raw strength.

Both e-bikes and standard bicycles have similar maintenance procedures, but because e-bikes run on batteries and electrical components, they require charging stations and replacements if anything goes wrong.

E-bikes are faster than regular bikes and can go up to 28 miles an hour. The varying speed level puts them on a separate list of regulations for what areas and locations they are allowed to ride in.

What is the Point of an Electric Bike?

What is the Point of an Electric Bike - thebicyclegeek

The electric bike is for people who desire more speed with their biking ventures.

Like the invention of the car, the e-bike is a new mode of transportation that carries people to their destination with little effort.

Each new design and feature for electric bikes introduce a fun way to commute that is convenient, efficient, and causes minimal damage to the surrounding environment.

A 1-hour drive is cut down to almost a third of that time thanks to the electric bike. The thought of being stranded in the middle of a bike ride is gone.

E-bikes do a lot more good than bad.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Electric Bicycles

Like all products, an e-bike has its pros and cons.

There are great features that an electric bike provides for a first-time cyclist, but it doesn’t mean that it doesn’t have its fair share of problems.

If you are getting an e-bike, here’s a quick guide on the best and worst things about owning one.


E-bikes promise a healthy lifestyle with fast transportation. You can still get your daily exercise in while getting to your home or workplace in a short amount of time.

E-bikes are environmentally friendly. They run on electricity and don’t use fuel or gas that releases harmful emissions into the atmosphere. They also don’t cause noise pollution because they are as quiet as regular bikes.

Using an e-bike makes it easier to ride uphill terrains. It is a rough climb without the help of the motor to boost your pedaling power.

Even if the battery dies, the e-bike will still function as a regular bike and allow you to ride normally.

Read More Benefits Of Electric Bikes


E-bikes are more expensive than regular bikes. Depending on what specs and power you are looking for, the price can easily triple that of a standard bicycle. It can get more expensive if you need to replace a faulty battery or other electrical components.

E-bikes require no license or tax payment, but they are limited to certain areas. Depending on the type of electric bike you get, you can only ride under the appointed speed limit.

E-bikes are heavier than regular bikes. If the battery runs out, you won’t only be carrying your weight but the added weight of the motor and electrical components included.

Conclusion: What is an E-Bike

That just about sums up everything you need to know about e-bikes, including what they are, the different types of e-bikes that are available, their history, the differences between them and standard bikes, their purpose, and the pros and cons.

They are a rising trend in today’s culture and provide the best transportation and commuting. Pretty soon, these electronic bikes will take over our traditional way of biking because they are efficient, eco-friendly, and simple to use. So, they’re a worthwhile investment!