How to choose an electric bike is easy if you know what you need. However, as there are more and more electric bikes to choose from on the market, people are starting to think about which bike is best for them. So, if you are considering buying an electric bike, this article may be a help.
Understanding The Classes of Electric Bikes
In the United States, electric bikes are defined into three classes. If you want to ride an electric bike legally in the US, figuring out which class of electric bike you can ride in your region is a key decision point.
Class 1: Class 1 e-bikes without throttle and only have pedal-assist. The max speed of class 1 e-bikes is 20mph.
Class 2: Different from class 1 e-bikes, class 2 e-bikes have pedal-assist and throttle, but the max speed of class 2 e-bikes is the same as class 1 e-bikes, also is 20mph.
Class 3: Class 3 e-bikes have a top speed of 28mph, and only have pedal assist, and without throttle.
Of these three class e-bikes, the class 1 electric bike is the most widely used and the most affordable. They are almost can be ridden on all city streets and bike paths. Class 2 e-bikes are not as widely accepted as class 1 e-bikes because of the throttle.
However, there are also a lot of people who like the convenience of the throttle because they can go all the way without any effort. Class 3 electric bikes are the fastest and most powerful. Of course, they cost more and are more regulated.
Anyway, if you’re in the US and considering buying an electric bike, understanding the classes of electric bikes is an important decision point.
Understanding Electric Bike Important Parts
Electric Bike Battery is one of the most important parts of an electric bike. The battery is the power center of the whole electric bike. Without the battery, there is no difference between the electric bike and the ordinary bicycle.
Therefore, when we are considering buying an electric bicycle, we can consider whether the electric bicycle battery can be replaced or if it is replaced easily.
The electric bike range is related to the battery capacity. The larger the battery capacity, the longer the electric bike’s range. That means the cost is more. If you’re choosing an electric bike for your daily commute, a small-capacity battery might lower your budget. If you’re choosing an electric bike for your long-distance travel, then a high-capacity battery is something you should consider. Because charging while traveling is not always as convenient as charging at home.
Electric bike motors can convert electrical energy offered by batteries into power that propels us forward.
Mid-drive motors and hub-drive motors are the main types of electric bike motors. The mid-drive motor is positioned at the bottom of the electric bike’s bracket. And the hub-drive motors are positioned at the front or rear wheel.
Compare with mid-drive motors, hub-drive motors are more commonly used on cheap electric bikes. But that doesn’t mean that hub-drives are of lower quality than mid-drives. Rather, they are less expensive to manufacture because they are less complex.
In the riding quality, mid-drive motors are more natural than hub-drive motors. Because the mid-drive is positioned at the bottom of the electric bike’s bracket, and the motor’s torque is applied to the belt or chain. That will make feel more natural and more balanced when you are riding. And the hub-drive feels like a push or pull force to help you move forward.
In terms of durability, the hub-drive motors are as strong as the mid-drive motors, even more stronger.
The main role of an electric bike’s sensors is to determine when motor power is needed to assist our ride.
The type of electric bike sensors is cadence sensors and torque sensors. Cadence sensing mainly by measuring pedaling speed and the torque sensors mainly measures pedaling force by measuring.
Due to the cadence sensors are cheaper, and easy to fit and replace, cheap e-bikes are more likely to use cadence sensors. This means that if you prefer a torque sensor, your budget will increase too.
Other Main Components or Features of Electric Bike
Of course, in addition to batteries, motors, and sensors, electric bikes are composed of many parts. Here are more factors you may consider when you comparing electric bikes:
There is no doubt that the throttle can help us a lot. If you enjoy pedaling a bike, it doesn’t matter to you whether the e-bike has the throttle or not. If you want to completely free your legs, then opting for an e-bike with a throttle will meet your needs.
However, it is worth noting that some regions have certain restrictions on electric bikes. It is important to understand the laws and regulations on electric bikes in your area.
Most electric bikes offer 3 or 5 assist levels, they would help you ride as long distances as possible before you get tired. Usually, 3 levels have been able to meet the needs of most people.
The display visualizes the status of your electric bike. On the display, you can see important information such as the currently used levels, the life of the battery, the speed you are currently riding, etc.
Almost all electric bikes are equipped with a light. This is a great safety feature that helps you get a clear view when riding in the rain or at night. Expensive electric bikes even come with powerful lighting.
If you have a big house, you probably won’t mind the weight of your electric bike. If you live in an apartment, you will find how inconvenient it is to bring the electric bike home or take it out every time. Therefore, lightweight e-bikes help with your daily mobility.
If you care about the speed. Then you should know that some electric bikes on the market could unlock the speed. Although the manufacturer will indicate how the maximum speed of the e-bike, very few manufacturers will explain whether the maximum speed is the unlock speed or not. If you are not sure, you could confirm with the merchant before purchasing.
Electric bikes come in a variety of designs and loads. Great electric bikes have great load capacity. If you are looking for an electric bike with a good heavy load, it’s a good idea to choose a good bike frame.
Conclusion: How To Choose An Electric Bike
So, hope this could help you to get an idea of how to choose an electric bike. If you have other ideas or experiences on how to choose an electric bike, let me know by leaving a comment below right now. Choose your bike now and enjoy riding!